Apples are extremely rich in important antioxidants, flavonoids, and dietary fibre. Red Delicious, Granny Smith and Cox Orange are the apple sorts that are anti-angiogenesis, which means they have anti-cancer effects. This is due to the flavone quercetin found in apples. Quercetin will also help to regulate the immune system and reduce inflammation.
Apples contain pectin, a type of fibre that acts as a prebiotic. This means it feeds the good bacteria in your gut and supports a healthy digestive system. Your small intestine doesn’t absorb the fibre during digestion. Instead, it goes to your colon, where it can promote the growth of good bacteria.
As well as vitamins A and C that support the immune system, vitamin K needed for blood clotting, biotin (vitamin B7) that helps to break down fat, and iodine which is involved in healthy thyroid function.
Apples reduce the risk for
- heart disease
- neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease
- bad cholesterol in your blood
- reduce inflammation
- resistance against infectious agents
- maintaining red blood cells and the nervous system in good health
- detrimental effects of free radicals